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The Rajaji National Park got the largest Shivalik Eco-system, It is 10 million year old. It's fossils fauna include about 50 species of elephant, one of them is present today. More...
Experiencing Wildlife in the Rajaji National Park is unforgettable. Stay at Camp King Elephant/ Forest Rest House More...
Study of Rajaji National Park

This section is for scientist as well as persons who want to study myriad of information about Rajaji National Park's Flora and Fauna, We along with many scientist belonging to WWF and BNHS run several programs to conduct study specially on Asiatic Tusker Elephant, but study is not just confined to Elephas maximus spp but cover whole diversified Flora as well as Fauna available in Rajaji National Park.

Scope of Study Rajaji National Park
  Area Statement of Rajaji National Park More
  Water Resources in Rajaji National Park More
  List of Mammals in Rajaji National Park More
  List of Bird in Rajaji National Park More
  List of Reptiles in Rajaji National Park More
  List of Flora in Rajaji National Park More


Flora Available in Rajaji National Park
A. TREES
S. No. Local Name Botanical Name
1 Akhrot Juglans regia Linn.
2 Am Mangifera indica Linn.
3 Amaltash Cassia Fistula Linn.
4 Amara, Ambara Spondias Pinnata (I.f.) Kurz. Syn. Spondias mangifera Willd.
5 Anjari Ficus palmata Forsk.
6 Aonla Emblica Officinalis Galton. Syn. Phyllanthus emblica Linn.
7 Arru Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.
8 Asna Sain Terminalia Salata Hyne ex (Rotts) nepalensis (Haines) formerly Syn. Terminalia tomentosa Wt & Arr. Fernandez in part.
9 Ayar Lyenia ovalifolia (Wall) Drude.
10 Babul Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd. ex. Del. Ssp. Indica (Benth Breno Syn.) Acacia arabica Willd.
11 Bahera Terminalia bellirica Roxb.
12 Bakain Malia azedarach Linn.
13 Bakli Anogeissus latifolius (Roxb) Wallex Bedd.
14 Ban Quercus lencotrichophora Camus ex Bahadur Syn. Quercus incana Roxb.
15 Bar, Bargad Ficus benghalensis Linn.
16 Bariul, Barola Cordia vestita Hk.f.. & Th.
17 Barna Ciateva nurvala Bnch. Hem. Syn. Crataeva religoisa, Forst (Roxb.)
18 Baurang Hymenediatyen excelsum (Roxb) Wall
19 Bel Aegle marmelos (L) Correa
20 Ber Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Syn. Ziziphus jujuba Lamk.
21 Bhainsh, Jalmala Salix terasperma Roxb.
22 Bhilawa Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f.
23 Bhimal Grewia oppositifolia Roxb.
24 Bodala Khardala Firmiana pallens (Wall, Rxking) Koesterm. Syn. Sterculia pallens Wall.
25 Burans Rhododondron arboreum Sm.
26 Charmror, Khoda Ehretia laevis, Roxb.
27 Chandana, Maida-lakri Litsaea glutinosa (Lour) Rob.
28 Chatuin Alstonia scholaris R. Brown.
29 Chilkya, Trichunia Wendlandia exserta (Roxb) DC.
30 Chilla Casearia elliptica Willd.
31 Chir Pnus roxburghii, Sargent Syn. Pinus longifolia Roxb.
32 Chiroji (Kathbhilawa Piyal) Buchanania Lanzan, Spreng. Syn. Buchanania latifolia (Roxb.)
33 Chiura Diploknema butyracea (Roxb.)
34 Dalchini Cinnamomum tamala Nees et. Eberm.
35 Dhal, Khaja Bridelia retusa Spreng.
36 Dhak Butea monosperma (Lamk.) Taub. Syn. Butea frendosa Koening ex Roxb.
37 Dhaman Grewia elastica Royle.
38 Dhaul Dhak Erythrina suberosa Roxb.
39 Dhauri Laerstroemia parviflora Roxb.
40 Dhebri, Jangle Cassine glauca (Rottb.) Kuntze. Syn. Slaeodendron glaucum Pers.
41 Dudi, Kura Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) A.DC.
42 Gadhmava, Mauwa Engelhardtia colebrockiana Lindl.
43 Gair Olea glandulifera Wall. ex. G. DM
44 Genthi Boehmeria rugulosa Wedd.
45 Gudgudala, Undala Sterculia villosa Roxb.
46 Goina Saurauia napaulensis DC.
47 Gular Ficus Hacemosa L.Syn. Ficus golerata Roxb.
48 Gamhar Gmelina arborea Linn.
49 Gutel Trewia nudiflora Linn.
50 Haldu Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Hook. f.
51 Har, Harra, Haira Harer Terminalia chebula Retz.
52 Harsingar, Kurri Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn.
53 Imli Tamarindus indica Linn.
54 Jamun Syzygium cumini (Linn) Skeels Syn. Eugenia jambbolana Lamk.
55 Jangli neebu Citrus medica Linn.
56 Jhau Tamarix disica
57 Jhinhan Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.
58 Jhinglora, Papri Bauhinia recemosa Lamk.
59 Kachnar Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb)
60 Kaikra, Kerea, Tumri Phoebe lanceolata Nees.
61 Kala siris Albiziz lebbek (L) Benth.
62 Kala tendu Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel Syn. Diospyros peregrina Gruke Syn. Diospyros embryoteris Pers.
63 Kanju, Papri Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb) Planch
64 Kaphal Myrica esculenta Bunch-Ham. Myrica nagi (Hook. f.f.F)
65 Kathber Ziziphus glaberrima Santapau
66 Kandhara, Kandhora Xylosma longifolium Clos
67 Kapoor Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) Sieb.
68 Kathmarra Litsea monopetala (Roxb) pers. Syn., Litsea palyantha Juss
69 Kaula Machilus odoratissima Nees.
70 Khabar Ficus rumphii Blume
71 Khagsa Trema politcria (Planch) BI.
72 Khajur Phoenix sylvestris (L) Roxb.
73 Khair Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.
74 Khairwala, Guiral Bauhinia purpurea Linn.
75 Kharik Celtis tetrandra Roxb.
76 Kharpat, Titmira Garuga pinnata Roxb.
77 Khatua Khatti Bauhinis malabarica Roxb.
78 Kheina Ficus semicordata, J.E. Smith Syn. Ficus cunia Roxb.
79 Khemri Ficus palmata Forsk.
80 Khinni Sapium insigne Benth. ex Trimen
81 Kikar (Vilayati) Acacia farnesiana (L) Willd.
82 Kirmoli Acer oblongum Wall ex. DC
83 Kuili, Tikuli, Ankol Alangium salyifolium (l.f.) Wang Syn. Alagium lamarckii Thw.
84 Kumbhi Gareva arbores Roxb.
85 Kusum Schleichera cleosa (Lour) Oken. Syn. S. Trijuga Willd.
+ Kanak-champa Pterospermum acerifolium Roxb.
+ - Willd.
86 Lapatlia, Lampattia Neolitsea lannuginosa (Nees) Gamble, Syn.
87 Lissora, Lasssora Cordia oblicua Willd.
88 Lodh Symplonos chinensis (Lour) Druce Syn. Symploces crataegoides Ham.
89 Mahuwa Madhuca indica Gmel. Syn. Bassia Latifolia Roxb.
90 Mehal Pyrus pashia Ham. ex. D.Don.
91 Mainphal Aeromphis spinosa (Thumb) Keay
92 Moru Quercus floribunda Render
93 Narra, Chiliia Casearia gravecleus Dalz.
94 Neem Azadirachta india Juss.
95 Pachnala Flacccurtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.Syn. Flaccurtia ramontchi 'L' herit.
96 Padal Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb) DC
97 Paniala, Panisemal Bischofia javanica BL
98 Phaldu Mitragyna parviflora (Roxb) Kunth
99 Phalsa Grewia sapida Roxb.
101 Pharrai, Tantia, Tarlu Oroxylum indicumm (L) Vent.
102 Piaman Syzygium cerasoides (Roxb) Chatt & Kany, Syn. Eugenia operculata Duthie
103 Pindalu Aeromphis uliginosa (Retz.)
104 Pipal Ficus religiosa Linn.
105 Pula Kydia calycina Roxb.
106 Putijiva, Putijia Putranijiva roxburghii Wall.
107 Rohini Mallotus philippensis (Lamk) Mucll
108 Safed Siris Albizia procera Benth
109 Sagaun Tectona grandis Linn. f.
110 Sainjna Meringa oleifera lamk. Syn.M. pterygosperma Gaerth.
111 Sal Shorea robusta Gaerth f.
112 Sandan Ougeinia cojucnesis (Roxb) Hochr.Syn. Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth
113 Semal Bombax ceiba Linn.
114 Semla Bauhinia retusa Ham.
115 Shahtut Morus alba Linn.
116 Shisham, Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.
117 Tarcherbi Sapium sebiferum Roxb.
118 Tendu Diospyros tomentosa Roxb.
119 Thanela Gardenia turgida Roxb.
120 Tilphara Cocculus laurifolius DC
121 Timla Ficus auriculata dour Syn. Ficus roxburghii Wall
122 Timur, Timru Zanthoxylum armatum DC Syn. Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.
123 Tirchonia Wendlandia heynei (R & S) Santa Syn. Wendlandia exserta DC
124 Tumbri Pittosparum floribundum W & A
125 Tushara, Siaru Debregeasia longifolia (Burm .f.) Wedd. Syn. Debregeasis velutina Gaud
126 Tun Toona ciliata Roem. Syn. Cedrela toona Roxb.
127 *** Carallia brachiata (Lour) Merr.
128 *** Machilus gamblei Hook. f.
B. SHRUBS AND HERBS
1 Ak Calotropis procera (Ait) R. Br.
2 Al,,Alay, khinkari Mimosa himalayana amble.
3 Amli Anitdesma diandrum (Roxb.) Roth.
4 Asedu, Ban, Tambaku Solanum erianthum D.Don.Syn.Solanum verbascifolium Non Linn.
5 Bakarcha Premna barbata Wall ex. Schauer
6 Balu, Kungi Sida cordifolia Linn.
7 Banbijora, Bannimbu Citrus medica Linn.
8 Banbimba, pilu, potla Glycosmis arborea (Roxb) DC Syn. Glycosmis pentaphylla auct.s (Cav).
9 Bankpas, Kulthi Thespesia lampas (Cav) Dalz. & B.Gibs.
10 Bansa Basinga Adhatoda zeylanica Medic.Syn. Adhatoda vasica Nees.
11 Bhang Cannabis sativa Linn.
12 Bhatmal Ardisia solanacea Roxb. Syn. Ardisia humilis Wight
13 Bhatta Desmodium triangulare (Retz.) Merr. Syn. Desmodium cephalotes Wall.
14 Bhut Kataiya Solanum violacum Ortega Syn. Solanum indicum non Linn.
15 Bindu Colebrookia oppositifolia Smith
16 Bhimora Rumex hastatus D.Don.
17 Boga, Lashtia Tephrosia cadida DC.
18 Chakunda, Panwar Cassia tora Linn.
19 Chameli Jasminum arborescens (Linn) Roxb.
20 Chaanchra Moghania spp.
21 Chaanchari Ficus hederacea Roxb. Syn. Ficus scandens Roxb.
22 Chirchita Achyaranthes aspera Linn.
23 Chunmuna, Sanni Crotalaria sericea Retz.
24 Daia, Daya Callicarpa macrpphylla Vahl.
25 Dhaula Woodfor fruticosa (Linn) Kurz. Syn. Woodfordia floribunda Salish.
26 Gandhela Murrya koenigii (L) Spreng.
27 Gauj Millettia auriculate Baker. ex. Brandis.
28 Ghangharu Pyracantha crenulata (D.Don) M. Roem. Syn. Crataegus crenulata Roxb.
29 Ghinwa, Gwia, Gabin, Bhotnoi Viburnum cotinifolium Don.
30 Hinsalu Rubus spp.
31 Jal-tunga Thung Jal-tunga Thung
32 Janloo, Patheura, Mashnoi Strobilanthes Spp.
33 Jharberi Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f.) W & A
34 Jhau Tamarix diona Roxb.
35 Chirna, Satmali Asparagus spp.
36 Kapasi, Marorphal Helicteres isora Linn.
37 Kapni Holmskioldia isora Retz.
38 Karunda Carissa opaca St ap f. ex. Haines Syn. Carissa spinarum non Linn.
39 Karani Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn) Roxb. Syn. Gaesalpinia bonducella Flem.
40 Karu, Bhant Boehmeria platyphyall D.Don.
41 Khash, Bhimol Boehmeria platyphyall D.Don.
42 Khajur, Thakul Phoneix humilis Royle
43 Kathbnel Feronia limonia (Linn) Swingle
44 Kingora, Kilmora Berberis spp.
45 Kuwai, Kawaokhar Leea crispa Linn. syn. Leea aspera Edgew.
46 Marchula, Marchia Murraya paniculata (Linnn) Jacl. Syn. M. exoticaLinn.
47 Nagphani Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gamler) Haw.
48 Neel Indigofera tinctoria Linn.
49 Padhera Spermadictyon suavestans Roxb. Syn. Hamiltonia suaveolens Roxb.
50 Phalsa Grewia sapido Roxb.
51 Raudera, Rodera Pogostemon pletcranthoides (Burm) Kuntze Syn. Pogostemon pletcranthoides Desf.
52 Sakina Indigofera cassioides Rott. ex. DC. Syn. Indigofera pulchella Roxb.
53 Surai, Suni, Thor Euphorbia royleana Boiss.
54 Thakul, Khajur Phoeenix acaulis Roxb.
55 Tusara Debregeasia longifolia (Burm. f.) Wed.
56 Ungoo Urena lobata Linn.
57 Unknown Ageratum conyzoides Linn.
58 Unknown Inula cappa (D.Don) DC
59 Unknown Latana Camara Var.
60 Unknown Artemisia indica Willd
61 Unknown Artemisia vulgaris Linn.
62 Unknown Barleria cristat Linn.
63 Unknown Tylophora hirsuta (Wall) Weight
C. CLIMBERS
1 Agla or alay Acacia pennata (Linn) Willd.
2 Akashbel Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.
3 Alai Caesalpinia decapettala (Roth) Alston
4 Amarbel Cayratia trifolia (Linn) Domin Syn. Cayratia carnosa (Lamk) Ganap.
5 Aneta, Madhmalti Hiptage benghalensis (Linn) Kurz.
6 Bansem Atylosia mollis Neth
7 Bel, kamu, kali, dudhi Ichnocarpus frutescens (Linn) R. Br.
8 Bel. kamu, safed bel Porana paniculata Roxb.
9 Bel, kum, bel, khungu Clematis gauriana Roxb.
10 Bent Calamus tenuis Roxb.
11 Dammar, Manda Maclura cochinensis (Lour) Corner Syn. Cucrania javanensis Trecul
12 Dudhli bel Vallaris solanaceae (Roth) O. Ktze.
13 Giloe, gurch, gunja Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Miers.
14 Hins, Kalhins Capparis zevlanica Linn.
15 Jugter Aspidopterys wallichii Linn.
16 Kaircha, Kaunch Mucuna pruriens (Linn) DC Syn. Mucuna prurita Hook
17 Kakadara, Ramdatun Smilex glaucoshylla klotzsch Smilax parvifolia Wall. ex. hook. f.
18 Kalibel Ventilago denticulata Willd. Syn. Ventilago calvulata Tulasne.
19 Kanj Toddalia asiatica (Linn) Lamk.
20 Makoh Ziziphus oenoplia (Linn) Mill.
21 Malha, bel Maula Butea parvifolia Roxb. Syn. Spatholobus roxburghii Benth.
22 Maljhan Bauhinia vahlii W & A
23. Malkangini Celastrus paniculatus Willd.
24 Maruabel Marsdenia roylei Wight
25 Medha singhi Cryptolepis buchanani R & S
26 Mithisri, Milthari Hedera nepalensis K. Koch. Syn. Dedera Helix non Linn.
27 Nishoth Operculina turpethum (Linn) Silva Manso
28 Panibel Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb) Planch Syn. Vitis latifolia Roxb.
29 Parche or Harijori Cissampelos pareira Linn.
30 Ratti, Gunchi Cissampelos Pareira Linn.
31 Roel Combretum roxbughii Spreng. Syn. Combretum decandrum Roxb.
32 Sural, Sirala Pueraria tuberosa (Willd) DC
33 Turar Dioscorae belophylla Voight
D. BAMBOO
1 Bans Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb)Nees
E. PARASITES
1 Banda Dendrophtone falcata (Linn. f.) Etting Syn. Loranths longiflours Desr.
F. GRASSES
1 Baib, Bhabar Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) Dry spurs of Shiwalik hills
C.E.Hubbard Syn. Ishaemum angustifolium Hack.
2 Ballu, Bandari Setaria glaucha (Linn) Beauv Shady places
3 Bansa, Kamal Erianthus ravennae (Linn) Open grass lands Beauv
4 Barikapoor Themeda arundincacea (Roxb) Tappars Sarkara, Ulla Ridley
5 Baru Sorghum halepense (Linn) Fire lines Pers
6 Bhuri, Dhaula
Goria, Gorla
Chrysopogon fulvus (Spreng) Hill forests
Chiov.
7 Bichhla, Bichhara Arundinella nepalensis Trin Hill forest specially on spurs.
8 Bichhloo, Naltura Neyraudia arundinacea (Linn) Hill forest specially on spurs
Henn Syn. Arisdina arundinacea
9 Charol, Tachhla A. mutica Linn. Apluda Hill forests and tappars aristata Linn.
10 Dab, Kunja, kus staff Dssmostachya bipinnta (Linn) Grassy tappars in sal forests.
11 Dub Cynodon dactylon (Linn) Pers. Grass lands
12 Dumdobra kukaria Mulsi Oplimenus compsitus (L) Moist shady places Beauv.
13 Ganara khas Vetiveria zizaniodes (Linn) Tappars & Blanks Nash
14 Baneria, Kanwal Narenga porphyrocoma Tappars & fire lines (Hance) Bor.
15 Kans Sachharum spotaneum Linn. Grassy tappars
16 Kumeria, Sirwala Heteropgon contortus (Linn) On spurs beauv
17 Kus Chrysopogon gryllus (Linn) Trin Blanks  Syn Andropogon gryllus Linn.
18 Mircha, Mirhaganda Rosha Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb) Fire lines and grassy tappars (Roxb) Wats
19 Muni Saccharum bengalense Retz. Grassy tappers blanks in sal
Syn. Saccharum munia Roxb. forest.
20 Nakli Bhabhar Scirpus comosus Roxb. Syn. Moist places in ill forests. Eriophorum comosum Wal
21 Nal, Naldura Arundo-domax Linn. Swampy locality
22 Nalli, Janevaar Dicanthium  annulatum Grass lands (Forsk) Stapf
23 Narkul Phragmites karka (Retz) Trin Near stream
24 Ouch, Birlu, Ullansu Pelu, Aunsh Thysanolaena maxima (Roxb) Shady nalas especially in hills
O.Ktze.Syn. Thysanolaena agrosits Nees.
25 Paneri Chloris dolichostachya Sal forests shady places Lagasca
26 Pater, Padera Typhe angustata Chaub & Shady nalas Nees
27 Sirhi, siru pula Imperata cylindrica (Linn) Grassy tappers and Sal for Beauv. Syn. Imperata arun-ests. dinacea Cyrill
28 Suni, Suhni Artistida cyanantha Steud Rao beds
29 Sundhaur Bothriochloa intermedia Damp localities
(B.Br) A.camus
Themeda villosa (Poir) A Blanks
Camus.
Themeda anathera (Nees) Hill forests Hack
Rottboellia exaltata Linn.f. Along Naron khala
Pseudosorghum fasciculars Hill forests (Roxb.) A.camus
Pennisetum orientala Rich. Near streams in hill forests
Panicum notatum Retz. Syn. Moist shady place Panicum montanum Roxb.
Eragrostis pilosa (Linn) Beauv. Moist shady place in hill forests.
Cymbopogon nardus (Linn) Fire lines and tappers. Rendle
Please note that we do not take any responsibility about the veracity of this data, Please corroborate it with official data.



 
 
 
 
 
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